Climate weather of panama country of panama Central America climate weather panama
Located in the southern most region of Central America, bordering Colombia to the south and Costa Rica to the north, Panama is horizontally positioned and lies between the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean. Approximately 1,056 miles (1699.47 km) in length and 445 miles (716.158 km) in width, Panama is relatively flat, with most of it's territory under 3,000 feet. The only significant mountain range is known as the "Cordillera Central", which originates in Costa Rica and descends in altitude as it pushes eastward towards Panama City. It is in this region that one finds the Baru Volcano and La Amistad National Park, the latter of which Panama co-manages with Costa Rica; this national park embodies land in both countries. Elevations in this area can reach 9,000 (2743.2 meters) feet in some areas, particularly as you move west towards the border.

Separated by two oceans, the country of Panama enjoys tropical climate, with periods of rain and sunshine alternating throughout the year. While the country experiences a definitive dry and wet season, much like other Central American countries, some regions are exposed to different weather patterns than others, most often a result of their altitude and proximity to the ocean. Both the Caribbean Sea and Pacific Ocean serve as two important watersheds, particularly for the fresh water Panama Canal; how many of you knew the Panama Canal was a fresh water canal, eh? Generally speaking, the rains along the Caribbean or Atlantic coast tend to be more constant and persist for longer periods of time, while those on the Pacific coast enjoy less rain.

The Province of Panama, which encompasses Panama City, witnesses warm or even hot, sunny days. With blue skies common throughout the dry season, the summer months are synonymous with winds from the north and extended periods of sun with little or no rain. During the rainy season, however, the sky often takes on a hazy, white appearance, which is often frequented by afternoon rains and thunderstorms. These heavy rains tend to be short in duration but quite intense. The weather seasons are separated into two distinct periods, the dry season or summer (la seca) which occurs between the months of December and April, and the wet season or winter (la lluviosa) which takes place during the remaining portion of the year. The region's normal daily temperature is approximately 30 degrees Celsius (86 Fahrenheit), and it varies little throughout the year. One can expect higher temperatures during the dry season, however, the humidity during the rainy season often makes for much more uncomfortable living. During the evening hours, however, the temperatures oscillates more considerably. What vacillates most in Panama is the level of humidity, which is often reflected in the variety of foliage as one ascends higher in the surrounding mountains. The evenings are typically cool, particularly during the dry season, occasioned by refreshing breezes and star lit skies.

The Caribbean, or Atlantic coast, is made up of four provinces, San Blas, Colon, Veraguas, and Bocas del Toro. This region tends to be more inconsistent and less inclined to adhere to the typical dry/wet season months. While the dry season is often accompanied by periods of sustained sunshine and fresh breezes, periods of rain to assert themselves, seemingly fluctuating between days of rain and sun. In some sections along the coast portions of the lush forest reach the white sand beaches, which are commonly lined with palm trees. The coastal region is relatively flat, with altitudes of between 200-600 feet (60.96 - 182.88 meters), while over 350 islands surround the Bocas del Toro and San Blas archipelago. The dry season along the Atlantic coast, and more specifically near the Bocas del Toro area, normally occurs during the months of September-October.

Located approximately 2,400 feet (731.52 meters) above sea level, El Valle del Anton enjoys a rather distinct climate. Situated within an extinct volcano, which is encircled by lush, verdant green hills, the temperatures are significantly cooler than those experienced in the Province of Panama. Often accompanied by white, puffy clouds, this region enjoys a very comfortable climate, ideal for outdoor activities. As one ascends into the neighboring hillside, the temperature become even cooler and is usually accompanied by thicker clouds and mist.

The Province of Chiriqui is positioned just below Bocas del Toro, runs adjacent to the Costa Rica border to it's west and along the Pacific Ocean to it's south. The largest community in this province is David, which is actually situated below sea level. A short distance from the Pacific coast, David is very hot and humid, perhaps even more so than Panama City. Yes, it's a cooker! However, just north lies the "Cordillera Central" mountain range, where one can find the popular tourist areas of Boquete and Baru Volcano. A short distance from David, this portion of Chiriqui has the country's coolest temperatures, and climatic patterns that differ from anywhere else in Panama. There exist communities settled at 2,000 meters above sea level, where the evenings in particular are very cool and damp; temperatures often reach 0 degrees Celsius (32 degrees Fahrenheit), or cooler. It is in this region that coffee is grown, milk and cheese are processed, and ornamental plants are grown for export.

Panama is a country effected by numerous climatic conditions, all of which has helped create favorable conditions in which to enjoy outdoor touristic activities. Whether your interested in sun bathing, diving, hiking, or bird watching, Panama's climate provides ample opportunity to enjoy them all.

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